"Unfortunately storms and heavy rain have caused some damage but in general much of the state remains in good condition," Northey said.
Storms Hinder Field Work
Agricultural Summary: Iowa received another round of scattered rain, wind and hail. Precipitation amounts were variable throughout the state; northern Iowa received less rain than southern Iowa where reports of up to seven inches were received. Localities hit with large amounts of rain reported standing water and erosion, while western Iowa reported hail and high winds that caused minor crop damage. Drier areas of the state like Northwest Iowa benefited from the wet week, while southern Iowa was forced to battle saturated conditions again. Reports indicated this planting season has been worse than 2008 and 2009 for producers in a few counties in Southeast Iowa.
When weather permitted farmers to get into fields the past week, they concentrated on harvesting hay, spraying herbicides, and planting soybeans or re-planting in some cases. The first cutting of alfalfa is well under way, and quality is being affected by the week's rain falling on it after being cut. Ample precipitation and warm weather aided rapid corn growth and late planted soybean emergence. As corn nears row closure, operators are concerned with completing their spraying before it gets too tall. Producers are once again dealing with muddy feedlots, while pasture conditions remain mostly in good condition. A drier week this week would be welcome and improve overall conditions.
There were 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, compared with 5.6 days the previous week. Southwest Iowa reported the low of 1.9 days suitable and Northwest Iowa reported the high, with 4.7 days. Topsoil moisture rated 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 20 percent surplus across the state. Subsoil moisture rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus.
Field Crops Report: Almost all of the expected corn acreage has emerged and its condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 17 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 23 percent excellent. Soybean acreage planted increased to 95 percent, similar to last year and the five-year average of 94 percent. Soybeans emerged reached 82 percent, 5 percentage points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 20 percent excellent. Twenty-eight percent of the expected oat acreage has headed, well ahead of last year's 6 percent and the five-year average of 16 percent. Oat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 20 percent excellent. Sixty-three percent of the first cutting of alfalfa has now been harvested, well ahead of last year's 35 percent and the five-year average of 41 percent. All hay condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 17 percent excellent.
Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 20 percent excellent. Pasture conditions remained similar to last week. Aside from muddy feedlots, there have not been any reports of livestock concerns or elevated stress levels.