DES MOINES Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey today commented on the Iowa Crops and Weather report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through October.
"Difficulty harvesting continued last week with more rain, including some spots with significant accumulation, forcing farmers out of the field," Northey said. "With at least a couple of days of dry weather predicted farmers will be anxious to get in the fields where they can. However, due the amount of rain we have received some farmers will be kept out for at least a few more days to allow things to dry."
The weekly report is also available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship's website at www.IowaAgriculture.gov . The report follows here:
COMBINES KEPT FROM FIELDS AGAIN
Wet, cold, and cloudy weather, a common theme for this October in Iowa, has again resulted in delays to corn and soybean harvest. While producers took full advantage of dry weather Monday and Tuesday, field work came to a halt for the remainder of the week as heavy rain fell across the majority of the State. Several sunny, dry, and warmer days are needed to make significant gains in corn and soybean harvest. Harvest of wet and low-lying fields will be delayed into November. While some fields have been harvested, very few producers have finished harvest, much less started post-harvest field work. Continued delays could push post-harvest field work into Spring.
There were 1.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, compared to the five-year average of 2.9 days. Topsoil moisture rated 1 percent short, 45 percent adequate, and 54 percent surplus across the state. Subsoil moisture rated 3 percent short, 62 percent adequate, and 35 percent surplus.
Field Crops Report: Nearly all of Iowa's corn crop is now reported mature with 12 percent of the corn crop harvested for grain, 7 percentage points behind last year, and 19 days behind the five-year average. Moisture content of all corn in the field is estimated at 27 percent, 7 percentage points higher than the five-year average. Moisture content of corn being harvested is estimated at 23 percent, 5 percentage points higher than the five-year average. Corn lodging is rated 68 percent none, 25 percent light, 6 percent moderate, and 1 percent heavy. Ear droppage is rated 77 percent none, 19 percent light, 3 percent moderate, and 1 percent heavy. Corn condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 17 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 21 percent excellent.
Soybeans harvested reached 47 percent, 39 percentage points behind last year and 3 weeks behind the five-year average. Soybean lodging is rated 77 percent none, 18 percent light, 4 percent moderate, and 1 percent heavy. Soybeans shattering is rated 78 percent none, 17 percent light, and 5 percent moderate. Soybean condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 16 percent excellent.
Grain movement was reported at 45 percent none, 38 percent light, 15 percent moderate, and 2 percent heavy. Producers are now reporting fall fertilizer applications with 3 percent of cropland fertilized. On-farm storage availability rated 11 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus, while off-farm storage availability rated 6 percent short, 86 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus.
Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 3 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. With harvest lagging far behind normal, use of stubble fields was reported 67 percent none, 26 percent limited, and 7 percent moderate. Hay and roughage availability is currently rated 7 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus.