DES MOINES Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey today commented on the Iowa Crops and Weather report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through October. "The persistent cool weather remains a concern as development of both corn and soybeans remains behind average," Northey said. "However, most crops remain in very good shape have the potential for a record harvest if there is not an early frost." The weekly report is also available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship's website at www.IowaAgriculture.gov . The report follows here:
Soybean Disease And Cool Temperatures Cause Concern
Agricultural Summary: Iowa again experienced cool temperatures and widespread rainfall last week. Soybean diseases such as sudden death syndrome and white mold have been reported throughout the State. The cool temperatures continue to keep crops from reaching maturity and increase the chances for fungal disease. While heat units are needed, corn and soybeans are still rated in mostly good to excellent condition. Livestock welcomed the cool temperatures, although feedlots continue to struggle with muddy pens. There were 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week, compared to the five-year average of 4.9 days. Topsoil moisture rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 22 percent surplus across the state. Subsoil moisture rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 23 percent surplus. Field Crops Report: Corn at or beyond the milk stage reached 95 percent, 3 percentage points ahead of last year, but 5 days behind the five-year average. Corn reported at or beyond the dough stage reached 74 percent, 2 percentage points ahead of last year, but 6 days behind the five-year average. Corn reported at or beyond the dent stage reached 28 percent, 2 percentage points behind last year, and 10 days behind the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 27 percent excellent. Nearly all the soybeans are at or beyond the blooming stage with 97 percent setting pods. Soybeans setting pods are ahead of last year by 3 percentage points, but 1 percentage point behind the five-year average. Soybean leaves turning color reached 5 percent, 3 percentage points behind last year, and 13 percentage points behind the five-year average. Soybean condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 17 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 20 percent excellent. Nearly all Alfalfa second cutting is complete. Alfalfa third cutting has reached 55 percent complete, 16 percentage points behind the five-year average, but 8 percentage points ahead of last year. All hay condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Cattle on pasture continue to gain well as cool temperatures reduced stress levels and abundant rainfall kept forage growth steady throughout the summer.